Optics Letters publication: Integrated programmable strongly coupled three-ring resonator photonic molecule with ultralow-power piezoelectric control,

Our SiN PZT photonic molecule results are published in Optics Letters

April 27, 2023

In this work, we demonstrate a controllable, silicon nitride integrated photonic molecule, with three high-quality factor ring resonators strongly coupled to each other and individually actuated using ultralow-power thin-film lead zirconate titanate (PZT) tuning. The resulting six tunable supermodes can be fully controlled, including their degeneracy, location, and degree of splitting, and the PZT actuator design yields narrow PM energy state linewidths below 58 MHz without degradation as the resonance shifts, with over an order of magnitude improvement in resonance splitting-to-width ratio of 58, and power consumption of 90 nW per actuator, with a 1-dB photonic molecule loss.